Family Disaster Planning
This website will give families the necessary information on how to plan and prepare for natural or man-made emergencies and disasters. This includes:
- Family Emergency Evacuation Plan (FAM-1)
- Family Emergency Comm Plan (FAM-2)
- Universal Medication Form (FAM-3)
- Grab & Go First Aid Checklist (FAM-4)
- Grab & Go Emergency Kits Checklist (FAM-5)
Emergency Communications with the Church “Post Disaster Only”HAM Radio: Call sign “N4SPC” (Knightsville Repeater 146.940 MHz)
Disaster Potentials for the Summerville Area
Haz Mat Accident
Make a Plan
Planning ahead gives you the best possible response to a disasterTalk: Discuss with your family the disasters that can happen where you live. Establish responsibilities for each member of your household and plan to work together as a team. Designate alternates in case someone is absent. If a family member is in the military, also plan for how you would respond if they are deployed. Include the local military bases resources that may be available. Plan: Choose two places to meet after a disaster.
- Right outside your home, in case of a sudden emergency, such as fire.
- Outside your neighborhood, in case you cannot return home or are asked to evacuate your neighborhood.
Disaster Planning Guides
The South Carolina & FEMA Guides listed below have been developed to
assist you in disaster planning and evacuation, if necessary.
Emergency Planning Guides Links:
Emergency “Grab & Go” KitsIn some emergencies, you maybe asked to evacuate with adequate emergency supplies (recommended minimum of 5 -7 days per person). In that case, you’ll need have easy-to-carry “Grab & Go” container(s) (i.e. backpack, duffel bag, or small 21-24” aircraft carry-on type bag w/wheels); that are pre-packed and stored in a convenient location. The FEMA & the American Red Cross recommend that the following for your “Grab & Go” Kits. Clothing - Personal Care – Special Needs:
- Each family member should have at least one change of clothes; an extra pair of shoes; foul weather clothing; personal hygiene and sanitary items; bath towel; & sleeping bag or 2 blankets.
- Babies: Formula, bottles, powdered milk, baby food, diapers, medications, & moist wipes.
- Adults: Extra glasses/contacts, denture supplies, & medications
- Seniors: Extra glasses, extra hearing aid batteries, list of physicians, special equipment (tagged), denture supplies, insurance & MEDICARE cards, and medications.
- FAM-1: Family Emergency - Evacuation Plan
- FAM-2: Family Emergency Plan (Individual Communication Cards)
- FAM-3: Universal Medications Form
- FAM-4: Grab & Go First Aid Supplies Checklist
- FAM-5: Grab & Go Important Documents
- FAM-5: Grab & Go Emergency Kit Supplies
- FAM-5: Optional Emergency Kit Supplies
- N-95 Mask or dense-weave cotton material for nose & mouth protection (each family member)
- Heavyweight plastic garbage bags or plastic sheeting
- Duct tape & scissors
- See FEMA Preparing Your Pets for Emergencies (www.ready.gov) for pet evacuation planning & items.
Survival Tips#1-Solar Lights: When the power goes out you don’t need a flashlight or candles; use the Solar Lights that you have in your yard to light your home. Put them in a 20oz soda bottle with some sand or gravel in the bottom for stability. Solar light should last all night; in the morning put back out in yard to recharge…Simple and Cost Effective! #2 – Let Your Family Know You are Safe: If your community has experienced a hurricane, or any disaster, register on www.redcross.org/safeandwell to let your family and friends know about your welfare. If you don’t have Internet access, call 1-866-GET-INFO to register yourself and your family. #3 – Water Heater Protection: Unsecured water heaters may fall over, rupturing rigid water and gas connections. If your water heater does not have two straps around it that are screwed into the studs or masonry of the wall, then it is not properly braced. This illustration shows one method of bracing a water heater. Bracing kits are available that make this process simple. Have a plumber install flexible (corrugated) copper water connectors, if not already done. #4 – Head and Eye Protection: Many disasters involve flying debris and/or collapsing structures, which may cause severe injuries or death. To protect yourself it is recommended that you positioned in or near your “in-place shelter” protective head gear such as a bike helmet or “hard hat”; safety goggles, gloves; and a flashlight for each family member. These maybe store in a small bag for each family member. Thrift stores have bike helmets cheap! #5 – Shelter-in-Place (SIP): One of the instructions you may be given in an emergency is to shelter-in-place (SIP). This means you should stay indoors until authorities tell you it is safe or you are told to evacuate.
- Select a small, interior room, with no or few windows.
- Close and lock all windows and exterior doors.
- Turn off all fans, heating and air conditioning systems. Close the fireplace damper.
- Bring your family disaster supply kit and make sure the radio is working.
- Bring your pets.
- It is ideal to have a hard-wired telephone in the room you select (cellular telephone equipment may be overwhelmed or damaged during an emergency)
- Use duct tape and plastic sheeting (heavier than food wrap) to seal all cracks around the door and any vents into the room.
- Listen to your radio or television for further instructions or updates.
- If you are in your car, close windows and turn off vents and air conditioning.
- Flashlight – battery & crank up
- Radio – battery & crank up
- Dust mask
- Pocket knife
- Emergency cash in small denominations and quarters for phone calls
- Sturdy shoes, a change of clothes, and a warm hat
- Local map
- Some water and food
- Permanent marker, paper and tape
- Photos of family members and pets for re-identification purposes
- List of emergency point-of -contact phone numbers
- List of allergies to any drug (especially antibiotics) or food
- Copy of health insurance and identification cards
- Extra prescription eye glasses, hearing aid or other vital personal items
- Prescription medications and first aid supplies
- Toothbrush and toothpaste
- Extra keys to your house and vehicle
- Keep a collar, current license and up-to date ID tags on your pet at all times.
- Consider having your pet micro-chipped.
- Make sure your pet is comfortable being in a crate, box, cage, or carrier for transport.
- Keep an updated list of trusted neighbors who could assist your animals in case of an emergency.
- Tighten and secure latches on birdcages.
- Fasten down aquariums on low stands or tables.
- Make a Grab & Go Bag for each pet. Include:
- Sturdy leashes and pet carriers.
- Muzzles for dogs.
- Food, potable water and medicine for at least one week
- Non-spill bowls, manual can opener and plastic lid
- Plastic bags, litter box and litter
- Recent photo of each pet
- Names and phone numbers of your emergency contact, emergency veterinary hospitals and animal shelters
- Store food items that are familiar, rather than buying special emergency food. Consider any dietary restrictions & preferences you may have.
- Ideal foods are: Shelf-stable (no refrigeration required), low in salt, and do not require cooking (e.g. canned fruit, vegetables, peanut butter, jam, low-salt crackers, cookies, cereals, nuts, dried fruit, canned soup or meats, juices and non-fat dry milk).
- Mark a rotation date on any food container that does not already have an expiration date on it.
- Include baby food and formula or other diet items for infants or seniors.
- Store the food in airtight, pest-resistant containers in a cool, dark place.
- Most canned foods can safely be stored for at least 18 months. Low acid foods like meat products, fruits or vegetables will normally last at least 2 years. Use dry products, like boxed cereal, crackers, cookies, dried milk or dried fruit within six months.
- Store enough water for everyone in your family to last for at least 5 days.
- Store one gallon of drinking water per person, per day.
- Three gallons per person per day will give you enough to drink and for limited cooking and personal hygiene. Remember to plan for pets.
- If you store tap water for drinking:
- Tap water from a municipal water system can be safely stored without additional treatment.
- Store water in food grade plastic containers, such as clean 2-liter soft drink bottles.
- Heavy duty, reusable plastic water containers are also available at sporting goods stores.
- Empty milk bottles are not recommended because their lids do not seal well and bottles may develop leaks.
- Label and store in a cool, dark place. Replace water at least once every six months, but do not discard; keep for washing and toilets.
- If you buy commercially bottled “spring” or “drinking” water:
- Keep water in its original container, and don’t re-store a bottle once it’s opened.
- Store in a cool, dark place.
- 2 drops of Regular Clorox Bleach per quart of water.
- 8 drops of Regular Clorox Bleach per gallon of water.
- 1/2 teaspoon Regular Clorox Bleach per five gallons of water.
- Only use Regular Clorox Bleach (not Fresh Scent or Lemon Fresh). To insure that Clorox Bleach is at its full strength, rotate or replace your storage bottle minimally every three months. Clorox (regular-unscented) is a great item for your Grab & Go and/or your Auto Grab & Go kits. It comes in a 4.5oz & 2oz sizes; so you do not need to carry a big bulky bottle…don’t for get to pack an eye dropper!
- Two pairs of disposable gloves
- Sterile dressings to stop bleeding
- Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes to disinfect
- Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
- Burn ointment
- Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes
- Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant
- Scissors and needle and thread.
- Over-the-counter medicines such as Aspirin or other pain reliever, laxative, anti-diarrhea medication
- Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin, heart medicine, or asthma inhaler
- Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose monitoring equipment or blood pressure monitors.
- Include your children in family discussions and planning for emergency safety.
- Teach your children their basic personal information so they can identify themselves & get help if they become separated from a parent.
- Prepare an emergency card with information for each child, including his/her full name, address, phone number, parents work number and out of state contact.
- Know the policies of the school or daycare your children attend. Make plans to have someone pick them up if you are unable to get to them.
- Regularly update your child’s school with current emergency contact information and persons authorized to pick up your child from school.
- Make sure each child knows the family’s alternate meeting sites if you are separated in a disaster and cannot return to your home.
- Make sure each child knows how to reach your family’s out-of-state contact person. Teach children to dial their home telephone number and Emergency 9-1-1.
- Teach children what gas smells like and advise them to tell an adult if they smell gas after an emergency. Warn children never to touch wires on poles or lying on the ground.
- Role-play with children to help them remain calm in emergencies and to practice basic emergency responses such as evacuation routes, and Earthquake: Drop, Cover & Hold and Stop, Drop & Roll.